Adenoma – A non-cancerous tumour in glands.
Autoimmune disorder – A condition where the body’s immune system attacks healthy cells.
Benign – not cancerous.
Cytology – A sample of cells is removed from the body. The cells are then inspected to see whether they look abnormal (cancerous).
Cyst – An enclosed pocket of fluid in the body.
Goitre – Enlargement of the thyroid gland.
Hashimoto’s Disease – An autoimmune disease where the immune system attacks the thyroid gland. It causes inflammation of the thyroid gland, and can result in low thyroid hormone levels (hypothyroidism).
Hyperthyroidism – A condition caused by the thyroid making too much thyroid hormone (overactive thyroid).
Hypothyroidism – A condition cause by the thyroid not making enough thyroid hormone (underactive thyroid).
Malignant – Cancerous.
Nodule – An abnormal growth of cells.
Postnasal drip – When the mucus from a blocked nose or sinuses drips down the back of your throat, causing itchiness, a tickle in your throat or cough.
Thyroiditis – Inflammation of the thyroid gland.
Thyroid incidentaloma – A thyroid nodule discovered by imaging being carried out for non-thyroid reasons (e.g. ultrasound, CT scan or MRI).
Tumour – An abnormal swelling or growth in the body. Can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).